What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is an alternative name for High Blood Pressure. It may lead to severe health complications like stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. Hence, it is crucial to prevent organs like the brain, heart, and kidneys from damaged.
Hypertension is the major risk factor for diseases like stroke, heart attack, and heart failure. Kidney specialists at Nephro Care will help you keep blood sugar levels under control to maintain good health and lower the risk of these unsafe conditions.
Blood pressure is measured with 2 numbers, with one on top called the systolic and the other on the bottom called diastolic reading, and written in fraction form. Systolic pressure is the amount of pressure exerted on the arteries during the contraction of the heart muscle or when the heartbeats. Diastolic pressure refers to blood pressure when the heart muscle rests between the heartbeats. 120/80 is considered normal blood pressure. Blood pressure at a level of 130/80 is high blood pressure-stage one or hypertension.
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Hypertension develops over time. It’s mostly observed in people who have unhealthy lifestyle practices such as not being involved in regular physical activities, some health conditions, such as diabetes and obesity. There are chances where women can develop high blood pressure during pregnancy.
Our expert nephrologists will help you prevent high blood pressure and encourage you to make lifestyle changes such as including a healthy diet and reduce the intake of sodium, including cardio exercises, and quit smoking. The medicines prescribed by our nephrologists will help reduce high blood pressure and maintain it at a normal level.
Our leading nephrologists recommend diuretics as the first type of therapy for patients who have high blood pressure. However, after knowing how high blood pressure is, our kidney specialists may prescribe two different drugs or combination medicines. There are many types of hypertension drugs in the market, such as ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors, ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers), beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, alpha-blockers alpha agonists, renin inhibitors, and combination drugs.
Before resuming any high blood pressure medication, patients have to consult and follow up at our clinics/hospital at least once a month until the blood pressure drops to a normal blood pressure level.
Maintaining blood pressure in the normal range is crucial in preventing fatal complications. Our expert kidney physicians at Commonwealth Nephrology Associates are experts in treating hypertension and reducing high blood pressure.