Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments
Anemia occurs when individuals lack red blood cells(RBC_ in the blood. RBCs are the most essential cells that carry required oxygen to the body’s tissues. Oxygen helps to convert the glucose from food into energy. Low hemoglobin level in the blood affects the proper functioning of tissues and organs resulting in fatigue and tiredness.
Anemia may be hereditary, women are at high risk due to iron deficiency due to blood loss during their periods and more demand for blood supply during pregnancy. Its seen in elderly persons as they are more likely to have chronic medical problems like kidney disease.
Anemia Signs And Symptoms
- Fatigue or Tired
- Breathlessness or shortness of breath
- Pale Skin and gums
If Anemia is not treated properly, it may harm organs like your heart and brain. Laboratory blood tests like complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin Test (Hb), and Hematocrit test (Hct) will help diagnose anemia.
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Common Causes of Anemia
Anemia happens over a while, and one may not notice. Causes may include:
- Blood Loss during surgery or accidents.
- Chronic conditions like kidney disease or kidney failure, liver dysfunctioning, cancer, HIV/AIDS
- Insufficient iron content in blood, vitamin B12, or folic acid.
- disorders or diseases that damage RBCs like sickle cell anemia.