Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments

Anemia occurs when individuals lack red blood cells(RBC_ in the blood. RBCs are the most essential cells that carry required oxygen to the body’s tissues. Oxygen helps to convert the glucose from food into energy. Low hemoglobin level in the blood affects the proper functioning of tissues and organs resulting in fatigue and tiredness.

Anemia may be hereditary, women are at high risk due to iron deficiency due to blood loss during their periods and more demand for blood supply during pregnancy. Its seen in elderly persons as they are more likely to have chronic medical problems like kidney disease.

Anemia Signs And Symptoms

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue or Tired
  • Breathlessness or shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Pale Skin and gums
  • delusions

If Anemia is not treated properly, it may harm organs like your heart and brain. Laboratory blood tests like complete blood count (CBC), hemoglobin Test (Hb), and Hematocrit test (Hct) will help diagnose anemia.

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Common Causes of Anemia

Anemia happens over a while, and one may not notice. Causes may include:

  • Blood Loss during surgery or accidents.
  • Chronic conditions like kidney disease or kidney failure, liver dysfunctioning, cancer, HIV/AIDS
  • Insufficient iron content in blood, vitamin B12, or folic acid.
  • disorders or diseases that damage RBCs like sickle cell anemia.

Anemia in CKD

Kidneys release an essential hormone called Erythroprotei, or EPO when the body senses low oxygen levels. This hormone signals bone marrow to produce more RBCs. The higher the RBCs in the bloodstream, the higher will be the oxygen flow in the blood. If kidney malfunctions, they make less or no EPO. 

Protein-rich foods contain Iron which helps produce hemoglobin in RBSs which carries oxygen to various parts of the body. Since CKD patients are advised to consume less red meat that is a rich source of iron, they may have become iron deficient.

Sometimes, the production of RBCs is affected by the accumulation of waste in the bloodstream. The inability of kidneys to filter out toxins from the bloodstream curbs the lifespan of RBCs present in the blood. 
CKD patients may develop anemia in an early stage and may get worse as the kidney disease advances. Largely, all patients in their final stage of renal disease get anemic.

Treating Anemia in CKD Patients

Our professional doctors first will treat basic conditions like iron or vitamin B12 deficiency by prescribing iron or vitamin supplements. depending on the diagnosis, health care professionals will treat with medicines including EPOGEN or Procrit, which will help naturally produce erythropoietin in your body. 

If there is insufficient iron, you may be referred to a renal dietician who will work out a meal plan that contains foods rich in iron, vitamin b12, and folic acid to help maintain your kidney health and curb anemia.

Our Health care professionals will regularly monitor your health conditions and if necessary will alter your treatment plan. Feel free to discuss any concerns and queries regarding your renal health and diet before including iron, or multivitamin tablets, or altering your diet.

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